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The Typology of the Green Areas in the Historical Urban Compositions of the Industrial Enterprises Areas

Abstract: The industrial heritage is currently understood only as a heritage of technical facilities and industrial buildings. Although the whole cultural heritage of industrial times can be considered industrial heritage. The relation of industrial heritage and urban planning with aiming on green areas is mentioned only exceptionally. The research of the green area is important for the sustainable development – the matter so actual today. Former historical green areas in the industrial brownfields and in the areas developed thanks to the industrial plants are actually quite neglected and in danger. The aim of this article was to compile a typology of the green areas for the description of the historical urban compositions in the former industrial areas and adjacent living areas. The urban compositions of industrial enterprises areas (UCIEAs) are defined as the urban compositions built until the half of the 20th century next to industrial enterprises for which it provided environments, usually quite complex in functions and in formed objects. The designated typology was made as the summary and addition of existing typologies of the green areas on the basis of the analysis of actual information on chosen case studies of these urban compositions. The existing typologies of green areas are rather disunited and the types of parks and gardens present the most common ones. The types of green areas in the urban compositions of industrial enterprises areas (UCIEAs) developed continuously and their most various forms came out probably in the latter 19th century, i.e. in the era of the European industrial revolution.

VOKURKOVA, Tereza (2015). Typologie zeleně historických urbanistických kompozic na územích průmyslových podniků (UKÚPP). In: Pavel Holubec, ed. Člověk, stavba a územní plánování 8. ČVUT v Praze, Fakulta stavební pp. 177-201. ISBN 978-80-01-05655-4. ISSN 2336-7695.